Review of the plant bug genus Prolygus and related mirine taxa from eastern Asia (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae)

Yasunaga Tomohide, Schwartz Michael D., Chérot Fréderic
Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 58(2): 357-388, 2018
Published online: 7th September 2018
Published in print: 31st December 2018
Views: 1230
Abstract: The mirine plant bug genus Prolygus Carvalho, 1987 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Mirinae: Mirini) and superficially reminiscent taxa in eastern Asia (mainly in Japan, P. R. China and Taiwan) are reviewed. Four species in the region are now assigned to Prolygus. Three new genera, Anthophilolygus gen. nov., Miyamotolygus gen. nov. and Poppiolygus gen. nov., are proposed to accommodate Prolygus bakeri (Poppius, 1915), Neolygus rufilorum (Lu & Zheng, 2004) and Lygus bengalicus Reuter, 1885, respectively. Ten new combinations and three new synonymies are established: Apolygopsis eoa (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [transferred from Apolygus China, 1941]; A. fuhoshoensis (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Apolygus]; A. nigra (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Prolygus]; Anthophilolygus bakeri (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Prolygus] = P. tainanensis (Poppius, 1915) syn. nov.; Micromimetus rubrotinctus (Carvalho, 1956) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato]; Miyamotolygus bui (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus Knight, 1917]; M. pictus (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; M. rufilorum (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; Poppiolygus bengalicus (Reuter, 1885) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato] = Prolygus kirkaldyi (Poppius, 1915) syn. nov.; Prolygus disciger (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; P. palauensis (Carvalho, 1956) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato]; P. nigriclavus (Poppius, 1915) = Neolygus nigroscutellaris (Lu & Zheng, 2004) syn. nov. Two additional new species, Anthophilolygus alaneylesi sp. nov. (central Thailand) and Micromimetus sunweni sp. nov. (Lanyu Island, Taiwan), are also described. The lectotype is designated for Lygus bengalicus Reuter. Lygus sacchari Matsumura, 1910 is regarded as nomen dubium.
Key words: Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Miridae, Prolygus, new genus, new species, new combination, new synonymy, lectotype designation, eastern Asia, Oriental Region, Palaearctic Region
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