A review of Japanese Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera), with descriptions of new species, new records and comments on the types described by Japanese authors

Japoshvili George, Higashiura Yoshimitsu, Kamitani Satoshi
Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 56(1): 345-401, 2016
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Abstract: The study of Japanese encyrtids has been started with desctiption of first new species by Howard in 1898. Later many authors devoted their attention to the study of Encyrtidae in Japan. Almost all type specimens of Encyrtidae, described by Tei Ishii and Tetsusaburo Tachikawa, were examined, and all Encyrtidae recorded from Japan, which were available in Japanese collections, are revised. Fifty-two genera and 150 species were recorded to date from Japan. Five new species are described and illustrated: Aphidencyrtoides tachikawai Japoshvili sp. nov., Leptomastix teii Japoshvili sp. nov., Psyllaephagus enokicola Japoshvili sp. nov., P. higashiurai Japoshvili sp. nov. and P. kamitanii Japoshvili sp. nov. One genus, Parablastothrix Mercet, 1917, and five species, Adelencyrtus comis (Noyes & Ren, 1987), Anagyrus bicolor Noyes & Hayat, 1994, Leptomastix auraticorpus Girault, 1915, Parablastothrix maritima Logvinovskaya, 1981, and Syrphophagus aeruginosus (Dalman, 1820), were recorded for the first time from the country. Nine new synonymies are established: Aschitus Mercet, 1921, syn. nov. of Microterys Thomson, 1876; Anicetus eous Trjapitzin, 1965, syn. nov. of A. annulatus Timberlake, 1919; Blastothrix kermivora Ishii, 1828, syn. nov. of B. erythrostetha (Walker, 1847); Cerchysiella togashii Tachikawa, 1988, syn. nov. of Bethylomimus academus Trjapitzin, 1967; Cheiloneurus japonicus Ashmead, 1904, syn. nov. of Ch. claviger Thomson, 1876; Epitetracnemus Girault, 1915, syn. nov. of Adelencyrtus Ashmead, 1900; Ericydnus japonicus Tachikawa, 1963, syn. nov. of E. longicornis (Dalman, 1820); Eugahania mongolica Hoffer, 1970, syn. nov. of E. yanoi Tachikawa, 1956; Leptomastidea rubra Tachikawa, 1956, syn. nov. of L. bifasciata (Mayr, 1876). Thirty two new combinations are proposed: Adelencyrtus bandus (Zhang & Shi, 2010) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), A. comis (Noyes & Ren, 1987) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), A. intersectus (Fonscolombe, 1832) comb. nov. (from Encyrtus), A. japonicus (Ishii, 1923) comb. nov. (from Anabrolepis), A. kosef (Li & Byun, 2002) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), A. lindingaspidis (Tachikawa, 1963) comb. nov. (from Anabrolepis), A. reni (Zhang & Shi, 2010) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), A. sexguttatipennis (Girault, 1915) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), A. shanghaiensis (Si, Li & Li, 2010) comb. nov. (from Epitetracnemus), Anagyrus rufoscutatus (Ishii, 1928) comb. nov. (from Doliphoceras), Microterys algiricus (Ferrière, 1956) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. annulatus (Erdős, 1957) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. balcanicus (Jensen, 1989) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. bicolor (Mercet, 1921) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. carpathicus (Hoffer, 1958) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. golcukus (Japoshvili, 2012) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. imeretinus (Japoshvili, 2007) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. jalysus (Walker, 1837) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. lichtensiae (Howard, 1896) comb. nov. (from Encyrtus), M. madyes (Walker, 1837) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. margaritae (Myartseva, 1979) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. mongolicus (Myartseva, 1982) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. naiacocci (Trjapitzin, 1968) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. neoacanthococci (Myartseva, 1979) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. novikovi (Trjapitzin, 1994) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. populi (Myartseva, 1979) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. scapus (Xu, 2004) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. scapus (Xu, 2004) comb. nov. (from Aschitus), M. submetallicus (Szelényi, 1972) comb. nov. (from Anicetellus), M. subterraneus (Ferrière, 1956) comb. nov. (from Paraphaenodiscus), M. triozae (André, 1877) comb. nov. (from Encytrus), M. zakeri (Bhuiya, 1998) comb. nov. (from Aschitus). The taxonomic status of the following three species is revalidated from synonymy: Aphycoides lecaniorum (Tachikawa, 1963), Copidosoma uruguayensis Tachikawa, 1968 and Encyrtus hokkaidonis Tachikawa, 1963. Lectotypes are designated for the following 31 species: Adelencyrtus bifasciatus (Ishii, 1923), A. japonicus (Ishii, 1923), Anagyrus flavus Ishii, 1928, Anagyrus rufoscutatus, A. sawadai Ishii, 1928, A. subalbipes Ishii, 1928, Anicetus ceroplastis Ishii, 1928, A. ohgushii Tachikawa, 1958, Aphidencyrtoides thoracaphidis Ishii, 1928, Blastothrix kermivora Ishii, 1928, Cerapteroceroides fortunatus (Ishii, 1925), Cheloneurus ceroplastis Ishii, 1923, Ch. kanagawaensis Ishii, 1928, Ch. tenuicornis Ishii, 1928, Clausenia purpurea Ishii, 1923, Comperiella unifasciata Ishii, 1925, Copidosoma komabae (Ishii, 1923), Encyrtus sasaki Ishii, 1928, Hexencyrtus miyama (Ishii, 1928), Homalotylus albifrons (Ishii, 1925), Microterys caudatus Ishii, 1928, M. ericeri Ishii, 1923, Microterys ishiii Tachikawa, 1963, M. kuwanai Ishii, 1928, M. rufofulvus Ishii, 1928, M. speciosus Ishii, 1923, Ooencyrtus nezarae Ishii, 1928, Pareusemion studiosum Ishii, 1925, Prochiloneurus nagasakiensis Ishii, 1928, Psyllaephagus iwayaensis Ishii, 1928, and Trichomasthus eriococci (Ishii, 1928).
Key words: Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Encyrtidae, new synonym, new combination, lectotype designation, new record, Japan
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