A review of the Saharo-Sindian species of the genus Zonitoschema (Coleoptera: Meloidae), with description of new species from Tunisia, Yemen and Socotra Island
Batelka Jan, Bologna Marco A.
Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 54(supplementum): 241-268, 2014
Published in print: 30th December 2014
Abstract: Representative material of the genus Zonitoschema Péringuey, 1909 (Coleoptera:
Meloidae: Nemognathinae: Nemognathini) from North Africa, Arabian Peninsula and
the Near East is revised. Three new species are described: Z. arabica sp. nov.
from continental Yemen, Z. chourriba sp. nov. from southern Tunisia, and Z.
kaszabi sp. nov. from Socotra Island. Zonitoschema iranica Kaszab, 1959,
supposedly endemic to southern Iran, is recorded from Chad, Sudan, Israel, Saudi
Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Oman for the first time, and we consider most
of the citations of Z. gibdoana (Kaszab, 1956) from the Arabian Peninsula to
refer to it. Zonitoschema iranica is strictly close to Z. oculatissima
Peyerimhoff, 1929, endemic to central Sahara. Zonitoschema gibdoana from eastern
Africa (here recorded from Mozambique for the first time) is also related to Z.
iranica but it is probably a synonym of Z. paolii Pic, 1927, a species described
from Somalia and almost unknown. The species recorded in recent literature as
’Z. griseohirta Pic, 1914’ from several Afrotropical countries and the
Arabian Peninsula, is instead an unnamed distinct species related to Z.
genicularis (Wellman, 1910), being clearly distinct from the true Z. griseohirta
from Somalia. Zonitoschema rubricolor Pic, 1924 is removed from the fauna of
the United Arab Emirates and is reported from Oman and Kenya for the first time.
Host association of Z. iranica with carpenter bee Pseudoheriades grandiceps
Peters, 1988 (Megachilidae) is recorded from the United Arab Emirates.
Distributions of all species from North Africa, Near East and the Arabian
Peninsula are discussed. A key to the Saharo-Sindian species is proposed and
all species are figured. The unbalanced Meloidae fauna of the Socotra Island is
compared to that of other islands/archipelagos and of adjacent
Key words: Meloidae, Zonitoschema, new species, nocturnal activity, host association, Megachilidae, insularity, Afrotropical Region, Palaearctic Region, North Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Near East, Tunisia, Yemen, Socotra