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Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae

Volume 57 - Supplementum
Insect biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago III
published on: 31st December 2017
Volume 57 (s)
Bezděk Jan, Hájek JiříInsect biodiversity of the Socotra Archipelago – underlined and countedActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 1-39
Abstract: Altogether 1,564 species taxa (identifi ed at least to the genus level) from 25 orders of Hexapoda have been recorded from the Socotra Archipelago to date. In addition, members of Diplura and Ephemeroptera are known from the archipelago as well, but they have not been identifi ed so far. The most speciose order in Socotra are beetles (Coleoptera) with 540 species. The total number of endemic taxa described from the archipelago is 662 species, which represents 42% of all known species. The vast majority of species is known from the main Socotra Island (1,520 species, 635 endemic taxa). The diversity of insects in Socotra is briefly commented on and compared with the nearest archipelago – the Seychelles.Published online: 31st December 2017
Felix Ron F. F. L.New species and new distributional data on Carabidae (Coleoptera) from the Socotra ArchipelagoActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 41-54
Abstract: Three new species of carabid beetles of the tribe Lebiini are described: Glycia socotrana sp. nov., previously mentioned as Glycia cf. spencei (Gistel, 1838), from Socotra Island and Abd al Kuri Island; Apristus dioscoridus sp. nov. and Mesolestes niger sp. nov., both from Socotra Island. Acupalpus (Stenolophidius) posticalis (Putzeys, 1880), Harpalus (Cryptophonus) tenebrosus Dejean, 1829, and Metadromius sp. are recorded from the Socotra Archipelago for the first time. In addition, new distributional data from Socotra are given for several other carabid species.Published online: 31st December 2017
Lackner Tomáš, Vienna PierpaoloHisteridae of Socotra (Coleoptera: Histeroidea)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 55-76
Abstract: The histerid beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae) of Socotra Island (Yemen) are reviewed based on the material collected during the Czech expeditions undertaken between 2000 and 2012. A total of 20 species are recorded, three of which are described herein: Pachycraerus socotrensis sp. nov., Liopygus occidentalis sp. nov., and Teretrius (Neoteretrius) dispar sp. nov. Hypocaccus virescens Thérond, 1963 is transferred from the subgenus Baeckmanniolus Reichardt, 1926 to Hypocaccus s. str. Thomson, 1867 based on external morphology. Most taxa, albeit determined only up to their (sub)generic rank, are recorded from Socotra for the fi rst time. Due to poor understanding of their taxonomy, or lack of determination keys to the following (sub)genera: Tribalus Erichson, 1834, Plegaderus (Plegaderus) Erichson, 1834, Acritus (Acritus) LeConte, 1853, and Teretrius (Teretrius) Erichson, 1834, their representatives from Socotra are left without identifi cation pending revisions. The Socotran histerid fauna has been found to consist mainly of widely distributed African, Arabian/Near Eastern taxa, as well as local endemics. The occurrence of the (predominantly Holarctic) genus Plegaderus and the exclusively southeast Asian genus Liopygus Lewis, 1891 in Socotra is highly interesting.Published online: 31st December 2017
Sehnal Richard, Král David, Bezděk AlešCanuschiza of Socotra Island (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) Part 2. Canuschiza minuta species groupActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 77-86
Abstract: The Canuschiza minuta Lacroix, 1999 species group of the genus Canuschiza Lacroix, 1999 is revised. Canuschiza zerig sp. nov. and previously unknown female of C. minuta are described. Variability in number of antennomeres observed in females of C. minuta is briefl y discussed. An identifi cation key to males and females of the species group is provided, and photographs illustrate external morphology and male genitalia.Published online: 31st December 2017
Bezděk Aleš, Král David, Limbourg PolStomanomala subcostata (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), the fi rst record of ruteline chafer from Socotra Archipelago, YemenActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 87-91
Abstract: Stomanomala subcostata (Fairmaire, 1887) is recorded from the Socotra Archipelago (Yemen) for the fi rst time, it represents the only known Socotran ruteline chafer. The hitherto known distribution range of this species in Socotra Archipelago is summarized and its habitat preferences are briefl y discussed.Published online: 31st December 2017
Geiser MichaelFirst record of the family Cantharidae on Socotra, with description of a new genus and two new species of the subfamily Silinae (Coleoptera: Elateroidea)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 93-99
Abstract: The fi rst known representatives of the family Cantharidae are described from Socotra: Silidius svihlai sp. nov. and Socotrasilis enigmatica gen. et sp. nov. Dorsal habitus, pronotum and aedeagus for each species are illustrated. Both species seem phylogenetically isolated, with no known close relatives.Published online: 31st December 2017
Borowski Jerzy, Sławski Marek Bostrichidae (Coleoptera) of Socotra with description of two new subspeciesActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 101-111
Abstract: New data on the occurrence of beetles of the family Bostrichidae on Socotra Island are presented – altogether nine species have been recorded hitherto. Besides faunistic data, the paper contains descriptions of two new subspecies: Enneadesmus obtusidentatus obscurior Borowski subsp. nov. and Enneadesmus forficula socotrensis Borowski subsp. nov. Both subspecies differ from nominotypical forms in smaller size and distinctly shorter and less prominent tubercles and denticles on elytral truncation.Published online: 31st December 2017
Gerstmeier RolandCleridae (Coleoptera) from Socotra Island with description of new speciesActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 113-123
Abstract: The Cleridae from Socotra Island are reviewed and five species are recorded. In addition to the cosmopolitan Necrobia rufi pes (De Geer, 1775), Wittmeridecus insularis sp. nov. (subfamily Tillinae), Opilo angustipennis sp. nov. and Opilo socotrensis sp. nov. (subfamily Clerinae) are described and illustrated. Opilo longipilis Fairmaire, 1892 is newly recorded from Socotra.Published online: 31st December 2017
Plonski Isidor S.Colotrema socotrana sp. nov. from Socotra Island, with new records of the genus from Yemen (Coleoptera: Malachiidae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 125-131
Abstract: A new species of Colotrema W ittmer, 1979 (Malachiidae: Malachiinae: Colotini) from Socotra Island is described and illustrated: Colotrema socotrana sp. nov. It is most similar to C. barbertonica Wittmer, 1991 from South Africa, but differs from the latter in colouration of the extremities and morphology of maxillary palpi and terminalia. This species represents the fi rst record of Colotrema for Socotra. In addition, C. asirensis Wittmer, 1979 and C. testacea wajjensis Wittmer, 1980 are recorded from continental Yemen for the fi rst time. A key to the species of Colotrema occurring in the Arabian Peninsula and in the Socotran Archipelago is given.Published online: 31st December 2017
Hájek Jiří, Jelínek JosefFirst record of the family Sphindidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) from SocotraActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 133-137
Abstract: The cryptic slime-mold beetle Sphindus cf. rendilianus Lesne, 1922, described originally from Kenya, and so far known only from the holotype, is recorded from Socotra Island based on five specimens from recent collecting efforts. This is the first report of the family Sphindidae from the archipelago.Published online: 31st December 2017
Purchart Luboš, Kamiński Marcin JanA taxonomic review of the genus Clitobius with description of a new species from Oman (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 139-163
Abstract: Based on external and internal morphological characters, Apithesis obesa Waterhouse, 1881 (of the monotypical genus Apithesis Waterhouse, 1881) is redescribed and transferred from the tribe Ulomini to the tribe Opatrini where it is incorporated in Clitobius Mulsant & Rey, 1859. Preliminary review of the taxonomy and distribution of Clitobius is performed. The following names are placed in synonymy: Clitobius Mulsant & Rey, 1859 = Apithesis Waterhouse, 1881, syn. nov. = Apteroclitobius Koch, 1960, syn. nov.; Clitobius ovatus (Erichson, 1843) = Halonomus salinicola Wollaston, 1861, syn. nov.; Clitobius oblongiusculus (Fairmaire, 1875) = Clitobius ovatus borkouensis Pierre, 1961, syn. nov.; Clitobius obesus (Waterhouse, 1881), comb. nov. = Clitobius pseudalatus Koch, 1960, syn. nov. Clitobius omanicus sp. nov. is described from Oman. A key to the species of Clitobius is presented. Distributional patterns within the genus are analysed and discussed.Published online: 31st December 2017
Biondi Maurizio, D’Alessandro PaolaLongitarsus doeberli, a wingless new species from Socotra Island (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 165-172
Abstract: Longitarsus doeberli sp. nov. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini), from Socotra Island is described. The new species is apparently similar to Longitarsus lederi Weise, 1889 from Caucasus with which it shares, in addition to compact body, some adaptive convergences, such as wingless condition and trend of reduction of the metatarsomere I. Based on the structure of the median lobe of aedeagus and the peculiar shape of the spermatheca, the new species shows instead the closest relationships with the species of the L. anchusae group, especially L. anchusae (Paykull, 1799) and L. anatolicus Weise, 1900.Published online: 31st December 2017
Friedman Ariel-Leib-LeonidA new species of Brachycerus from Socotra Island (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea: Brachyceridae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 173-182
Abstract: Brachycerus socotranus sp. nov., endemic to Socotra Island, is described from the three specimens collected by the Czech expeditions to Socotra in 2000–2012. The new species is characterized by prominent horn-like tubercles at the base of the rostrum, intact medial groove of pronotum with strongly prominent longitudinal carina and sexual dimorphism in the form of the apical part of the elytra.Published online: 31st December 2017
Straka Jakub, Batelka Jan, Pauly AlainBees of the Socotra Archipelago (Hymenoptera: Anthophila), their biogeography and association with parasitesActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 183-219
Abstract: Taxonomy of bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) of the Socotra Archipelago is evaluated based on historical and newly available specimens. Four new species of Halictidae are described from the Socotra Island: Austronomia socotrana Pauly & Straka sp. nov., Lasioglossum (Hemihalictus) boswelliae Pauly & Straka sp. nov., Lasioglossum (Sphecodogastra) dioscoridis Pauly & Straka sp. nov., and Lasioglossum (Ctenonomia) dracaenae Pauly & Straka sp. nov. The correct original spelling of Eucera wfkirbyi Kohl, 1906 is restored, Eucera kirbyi Friese, 1909 being its unjustifi ed emendation and junior objective synonym. Identity of both Socotran species of Xylocopa Latreille, 1802 is clarifi ed. Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) kowitense (Cockerell, 1937), Nomioides facilis (Smith, 1853), and Nomioides rotundiceps Handlirsch, 1888 are removed from the list of bees of Socotra. In total, 28 species in 16 genera are reported from the archipelago, of which nearly two thirds are considered endemic at the species level. Biogeographic origin of Socotran bees is analysed and proposed. Host associations with beetle parasites of the families Meloidae and Ripiphoridae (Coleoptera) and cleptoparasitic bees are evaluated for the Socotran bee fauna. Obligate bee parasitoid Ripiphorus arabiafelix arabiafelix Batelka, 2009 (Coleoptera: Ripiphoridae) is reported from the archipelago (Socotra Island) for the fi rst time.Published online: 31st December 2017
Faltýnek Fric Zdeněk, Rindoš Michal, Hula VladimírEurema brigitta ( Lepidoptera: Pieridae) – a new record of butterfly for SocotraActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57(supplementum): 221-225
Abstract: Eurema brigitta (Stoll, 1780) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) is recorded for the first time from the Socotra Island (Yemen). The specimen represents either a wet season form of a subspecies originating from Africa or a form with its usual occurrence in Madagascar, Mascarenes, Aldabra and Comoros. The current number of butterfly species known for Socotra is now 27.Published online: 31st December 2017