A catalogue of the Scathophagidae (Diptera) of the Palaearctic region, with notes on their taxonomy and faunistics

Šifner František
Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 48(1): 111-196, 2008
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Abstract: A catalogue of the species of the family Scathophagidae of the Palae- arctic region is given, including notes on their taxonomy, distribution data, and new faunistic records. Exact data on old localities of some species, including the current local names, are provided. The catalogue contains 37 genera and 220 valid species, 193 synonyms (including 25 new ones), and 12 doubtful species. The following new combinations are proposed: Amaurosoma truncatum (Fan, 1976), comb. nov., and Amaurosoma indotatum (Engelmark, 1999), comb. nov., from the genus Nanna Becker, 1894; Gimnomera alanica (Ozerov, 1999), comb. nov., Gimnomera tukuringa (Ozerov, 1999), comb. nov., Gimnomerra sibirica (Engelmark, 1999), comb. nov., and Gimnomera novgorodovae (Ozerov, 2006), comb. nov., from Cochliarium Becker, 1894; Norellisoma longiabdominum (Sun, 1992), comb. nov., Norellisoma triangulum (Sun, 1992), comb. nov., Norellisoma caucasicum (Ozerov, 1993), comb. nov., Norellisoma insulare (Ozerov, 1993), comb. nov., Norellisoma montanopratense (Ozerov, 1993), comb. nov., and Norel- lisoma orientale (Ozerov, 1993), comb. nov., from Norellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; Phrosia remmi (Elberg, 1972), comb. nov., from Cordilura Fallén, 1810. The following new synonyms are established: Acerocnema macrocera (Meigen, 1826) = Acerocnema obscuripes Becker, 1915, syn. nov.; Amaurosoma armil- latum (Zetterstedt,1846) = Amaurosoma mensuratum Becker, 1894, syn. nov; Amaurosoma flavipes (Fallén, 1819) = Cordylura nigriventris Loew, 1864, syn. nov.; Amaurosoma tibiellum (Zetterstedt, 1838) = Amaurosoma nutans Becker, 1894, syn. nov.; Americina vittata (Meigen, 1826) = Cordylura unicolor Loew, 1864, syn. nov.; Ceratinostoma ostiorum (Curtis, 1823) = Ceratinostoma nudiseta Becker, 1907, syn. nov.; Cordylura pubera auct. nec Linnaeus, 1758 = Mosina dejeani Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, syn. nov. = Mosina latreillei Robineau-Des- voidy, 1830, syn. nov.; Delina nigrita (Fallén, 1819) = Cordylura erythrocephala Meigen, 1838, syn. nov. = Chirosia cepelaki Teschner, 1978, syn. nov.; Paral- lelomma albipes (Fallén, 1819) = Mosina fulva Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, syn. nov.; Phrosia albilabris (Fabricius, 1805) = Cordylura albofasciata Gimmerthal, 1846: 104, syn. nov.; Scathophaga furcata (Say, 1823) = Scatina claripennis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, syn. nov. = Scatophaga limbata von Roser, 1840, syn. nov. = Scathophagella pubescens Szilády, 1926, syn. nov.; Scathophaga inquinata (Meigen, 1826) = Cordylura analis Meigen, 1826: 244, syn. nov. = Scatophaga analis Meigen, 1826: 251, syn. nov. = Scatophaga umbrarum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, syn. nov.; Scathophaga litorea (Fallén, 1819) = Scatophaga bipunctata Macquart, 1835, syn. nov. = Scatophaga hyperborea Boheman, 1866, syn. nov. = Scatomyza janmajeni Séguy, 1938, syn. nov. = Scatophaga nigricornis Rob- ineau-Desvoidy, 1830, syn. nov. = Scathophaga tesselata Macquart, 1838, syn. nov.; Scathophaga lutaria (Fabricius, 1794) = Scatophaga pallipes Szilády, 1926, syn. nov.; Scathophaga stercoraria (Linnaeus, 1758) = Scatomyza erythrostoma Holmgren, 1883, syn. nov. = Scatophaga soror Wiedemann, 1818, syn. nov.; and Scoliaphleps ustulata (Zetterstedt, 1838) = Scoliaphleps hyalinipennis Ringdahl, 1936, syn. nov. The following new records are published: Acerocnema macrocera (Meigen, 1826) (Italy); Amaurosoma puberulum Becker, 1894 (European Russia); Cleigastra apicalis (Meigen, 1826) (Croatia); Coniosternum fluviale (Rondani, 1867) (Austria, Turkmenistan); Coniosternum mihalyii Šifner, 1975 (Iraq); Co- niostenum obscurum (Fallén, 1819) (Albania, Poland); Cordilura pubera auct. nec Linnaeus, 1758 (Belgium); Cordilura umbrosa (Loew, 1873) (Romania); Delina anthrax (Schiner, 1864) (Bulgaria, Spain); Megaphthalma pallida (Fallén, 1819) (Romania); Megaphthalmoides unilineatus (Zetterstedt, 1838) (Germany); Microprosopa hoberlandti Šifner, 1981 (Hungary); Microprosopa pallidicauda (Zetterstedt, 1838) (Romania); Parallelomma albipes (Fallén, 1819) (Bulgaria); Parallelomma fuscipes (Zetterstedt, 1838) (Austria, Switzerland); Phrosia albi- labris (Fabricius, 1805) (Azerbaijan, Italy, Serbia); Pogonota barbata Zetterstedt, 1838 (Russia – Far East); Spaziphora hydromyzina (Fallén, 1819) (Romania); Spathephilus breviventris (Loew, 1873) (Austria); Scathophaga cineraria (Meigen, 1826) (Albania, Canary Islands, Croatia, Madeira, Romania, Spain); Scathophaga inquinata (Meigen, 1826) (Portugal, Slovenia); Scathophaga lutaria (Fabricius, 1794) (Israel, European Russia, Slovenia, Turkey); Scathophaga stercoraria (Linnaeus, 1758) (Tunisia); and Scathophaga suilla (Fabricius, 1794) (Romania). The following species are regarded as nomina dubia: Musca tipularia Fabricius, 1794; Cordylura varia Meigen, 1826; Chione ichneumonea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; Cordylura flava Wiedemann, 1830; Mosina connexa Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; Scatophaga ochrocephala Brullé, 1832; Cleigastra bicolor Macquart, 1835; Cordylura fuscipennis Gimmerthal, 1846; Cordylura aricina Zetterstedt, 1846; Cordylura aricoides Zetterstedt, 1855; Cordylura nigripila Zetterstedt, 1860; and Cleigastra nitida van der Wulp, 1871.
Key words: Diptera, Scathophagidae, taxonomy, new synonyms, new combination, faunistics, new records, Palaearctic region