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Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae

2022
Volume 62 - Number 2
published on: 14th December 2022
62(2)
Roháček JindřichThe true identity of Periscelis winnertzii and description of P. laszloi sp. nov. from Europe (Diptera: Periscelididae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 301-323
Abstract: The only preserved (damaged, sex unknown) type specimen of Periscelis (Periscelis) winnertzii Egger, 1862 has been revised and designated as a lectotype. Its revision revealed that P. winnertzii has recently been misinterpreted and is in fact identical with P. (P.) fugax Roháček & Andrade, 2017, syn. nov. Therefore, true P. winnertzii is re-diagnosed, with all its synonomies listed. Periscelis winnertzii auctt. (not Egger, 1862) is described as a new species, P. laszloi sp. nov., based on a series of specimens from Hungary (holotype), Portugal, Switzerland and Slovakia. An intersex specimen of P. laszloi sp. nov., female puparium and cephalopharyngeal skeleton of 3rd instar larva (ex puparium) of P. winnertzii (all from Hungary) are described and illustrated. Both species are also characterized by means of the barcoding region of COI, illustrated in detail (including structures of male and female terminalia) and their biology and distribution reviewed with new original data.Published online: 14th December 2022
Mejía-Soto Andrés, Forero Dimitri, Wolff MartaTaxonomic revision of Montina (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae) from Colombia with description of three new speciesActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 325-381
Abstract: The Neotropical assassin bug genus Montina Amyot & Serville, 1843 (Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) is revised for Colombia. Montina has not been adequately explored taxonomically, with its last described species published in 1867. It has ten valid species distributed in tropical areas of Central and South America, but none of them have been formally recorded from Colombia. We describe three new species, M. calarca Mejía-Soto & Forero sp. nov., M. gladiator Mejía-Soto & Forero sp. nov., M. tikuna Mejía-Soto & Forero sp. nov., and report seven species as new records for the country: M. confusa (Stål, 1859), M. distincta (Stål, 1859), M. fumosa (Stål, 1867), M. lobata Stål, 1859, M. ruficornis (Fabricius, 1803), M. scutellaris Stål, 1859, and M. testacea (Stål, 1859). Montina calarca sp. nov. is distinguished by the reddish coloration with black head and legs; densely setose pronotum; connexival margin rounded on segments 4, 5, and 6 without protuberances, connexivum black with a narrow red band on margin; and translucent yellow membrane with hyaline cells and darkened veins. Montina gladiator sp. nov. is distinguished by the red coloration, with black legs, scutellum, and abdomen; connexival margin 4–5 lobed, 6 straight, segments 2–4 with acute posterior process on each segment, connexivum dark brown to black with a narrow red band on its margin. Montina tikuna sp. nov. is distinguished by the reddish-brown coloration, with black scutellum and abdomen; connexival margin nearly straight, segments 2–4 with small posterior acute process, 5–6 with obtuse process, connexivum black; ventral laterotergites only with black scattered erect setae. New characters help delimit Montina and differentiate it from Ploeogaster Amyot & Serville, 1843, its most similar genus. For all species we provide a diagnosis, images, documentation of genitalia, and distribution maps. A key to all the species of Montina is provided.Published online: 16th December 2022
Jaume-Schinkel Santiago, Kvifte Gunnar M.Platyplastinx ibanezbernali sp. nov., a new species of moth fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) from EcuadorActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 383-389
Abstract: A new species of Platyplastinx Enderlein, 1937, Platyplastinx ibanezbernali sp. nov., is described from Ecuador based on morphological characters as well as DNA barcodes from male and female specimens. We provide the first brief description of an egg for the genus. Furthermore, this species is included in the key to world species of the genus, and we provide a key to adult males of Platyplastinx from Ecuador.Published online: 16th December 2022
Jaume-Schinkel S., Kvifte G. M.ERRATUM: Platyplastinx ibanezbernali sp. nov., a new species of moth fl y (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Ecuador. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62 (2): 383–389. https://doi. org/10.37520/aemnp.2022.020Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 390-390
Published online: 15th December 2022
Seven ErdemNew data on the early stages and behaviour of the endangered species Callophrys mystaphia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and its first larval parasitoid, Cotesia sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 391-399
Abstract: The early stages of a lycaenid butterfly, Miller’s Green Hairstreak Callophrys mystaphia Miller, 1913, are photographed and presented for the first time. Callophrys mystaphia is known to be endangered and is regarded to be endemic to Turkey based on recent studies. The species is considered to be local and isolated, with the likelihood of being one of the rarest butterfly species in Turkey. The distribution of this species and its food plant, Rheum ribes L. (Polygonaceae), in Turkey are investigated and the possible range of this butterfly species is highlighted. New data on the early stages, phenology, vertical distribution, and behaviour of adult and larva of C. mystaphia are presented. The larva was found to have been attacked by a newly discovered hymenopteran parasitoid species of the genus Cotesia Cameron, 1981 (Braconidae); the cocoons and the adult parasitoid are illustrated.Published online: 16th December 2022
Šumpich JanMegacraspedus (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) of the Altai Mountains with description of a new species belonging to the M. majorella groupActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 401-409
Abstract: The paper summarises the records of Megacraspedus Zeller, 1839 (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) species collected during the author’s four trips to the Russian Altai in 2014–2019. A total of four species belonging to this genus were recorded here, of which one was found to be undescribed and two other species, namely Megacraspedus dolosellus (Zeller, 1839) and Megacraspedus podolicus (Toll, 1942), were new species for the area at the time. Megacraspedus bidzilyai sp. nov. is described here as a new species for science and is assigned to the Megacraspedus majorella species group. Its adults and genitalia of both sexes are figured in detail. Megacraspedus latiuncus Huemer & Karsholt, 2018 belonging to the same species group is recorded from Kyrgyzstan for the first time. Barcode data of all Altaic Megacraspedus species and Megacraspedus latiuncus are given.Published online: 16th December 2022
Grebennikov Vasily V., Anderson Robert S. Phylogeny, diversity and biogeography of flightless amphi-Pacific lymantine weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 411-442
Abstract: We use DNA sequence data to generate the first phylogenetic hypothesis for the weevil tribe Lymantini. These are leaf litter inhabiting beetles generally regarded as restricted to the New World and taxonomically arranged in two subtribes, 11 genera and some 150 named species. An additional genus of questionable affinities to the tribe, Devernodes Grebennikov, 2018, has five described species in Southeastern Asia. All these beetles are flightless and some have eyes reduced in size or absent, traits normally associated with limited dispersal capacity. We performed a phylogenetic analysis of 153 terminals (50 of them belong to Lymantini representing Devernodes and all but three named genera) based on 4,174 bp alignment of one mitochondrial (cox1) and two nuclear fragments (ITS2 and 28S). We find that both Lymantini subtribes Lymantina and Caecossonina are monophyletic, the latter sister to the amphi-Atlantic tribe Anchonini. The Asian genus Devernodes is deeply nested among American Lymantina. The clade of Anchonini plus Lymantini is consistently recovered outside of the CCCMS clade of “higher” weevils (Curculioninae, Conoderinae, Cossoninae, Molytinae and Scolytinae). We hypothesize that the polished head capsule of adult beetles is an apomorphy of Anchonini and Lymantini, the 8-segmented antennal funicle is an apomorphy of Anchonini plus Caecossonina. We attribute the origin of the currently observed amphi-Pacific distribution of Lymantina to normal ecological dispersal facilitated by the warmer periods of the Cenozoic such as the Eocene, and by presently submerged Arctic land bridges. Using parsimony we hypothesize a North American origin for the Anchonini plus Lymantini crown group, as well as that of Lymantina. We argue that Bronchotibia adunatus Poinar & Legalov, 2021, a Dominican amber adult weevil fossil, is not a member of Lymantini and re-classify it as Curculionidae incertae sedis. We present an image gallery of 28 Lymantini specimens to document the morphological diversity of the tribe. We hypothesize the existence of unnamed American genera of Lymantina and make public the DNA-barcode dataset of 89 Lymantini specimens.Published online: 31st December 2022
Souma JunThe Oleaceae-feeding lace bugs of the genus Perissonemia from Japan (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Tingidae)Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 443-456
Abstract: The present study revises the taxonomy of the lace bug genus Perissonemia Drake & Poor, 1937 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Tingidae: Tinginae) from Japan. Three species are recognized and (re)described: P. occasa Drake, 1942 from Honshu, P. okinawensis sp. nov. from the central part of the Ryukyu Islands, and P. yaeyamensis sp. nov. from the southern part of the Ryukyu Islands. Previous records of P. occasa from the central and southern parts of the Ryukyu Islands are confirmed as misidentifications of P. okinawensis sp. nov. and P. yaeyamensis sp. nov., respectively. The host plant relationships are discussed for P. occasa and P. yaeyamensis sp. nov. Photographs of living individuals of P. occasa and P. yaeyamensis sp. nov. are presented. A key is provided to facilitate the identification of the three species of Perissonemia distributed in Japan.Published online: 31st December 2022
Takemoto TakuyaDescription of a new species of the genus Chrysolina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Honshu, and notes on records of Chrysolina aeruginosa in JapanActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 457-474
Abstract: A new species of the genus Chrysolina Motschulsky, 1860 from Nagano Prefecture, Honshu, Japan is described as Chrysolina (Allohypericia) orochi sp. nov. with detailed illustrations of the male and female genitalia, description of larva and pupa, and record of its host plant, Artemisia capillaris Thunberg (Asteraceae). Chrysolina (Allohypericia) aeruginosa (Faldermann, 1835) is excluded from Japanese fauna based on revision of the previously published records.Published online: 31st December 2022
Kment Petr, Carapezza AttilioHeteroptera (Hemiptera) of the Socotra Archipelago I: Introduction, Nepomorpha, Gerromorpha and LeptopodomorphaActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 475-519
Abstract: This contribution is the first part of a series designed to summarize the present knowledge on the fauna of true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) of the Socotra Archipelago. A review of aquatic, semiaquatic and shore bugs of the infraorders Nepomorpha, Gerromorpha, and Leptopodomorpha of Socotra is provided. Nine families and 19 species are recorded from the Socotra Island (including two marine off-shore species). The following new species and new records are given: Micronecta eupompe Hutchinson, 1930 (Micronectidae), Sigara hoggarica Poisson, 1929 (Corixidae), Hebrus kanyukovae sp. nov., Hebrus sp. (Hebridae), Microvelia gracillima Reuter, 1882, M. macani Brown, 1953 (Veliidae), Limnogonus cereiventris (Signoret, 1862) (Gerridae), Micracanthia ornatula (Reuter, 1881), and Saldula niveolimbata (Reuter, 1900) (Saldidae). The following new faunistic records are also provided: Micronecta eupompe from Burkina Faso, Anisops varius from Jordan and Rwanda, Mesovelia vittigera Horváth, 1895 (Mesoveliidae) from Mali, Micracanthia ornatula from Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Zambia, China (Sichuan), and Bangladesh, and Saldula niveolimbata from Mali. The status of the type specimens is discussed and corrected for Anisops varius var. scutellata Fieber, 1851 (syntypes), Anisops varius var. sugillata Fieber, 1851 (lectotype), Anisops hoggarica Poisson, 1929 (syntypes), Halobates germanus White, 1883 (lectotype), Halobates sewelli Imms, 1936 (lectotype), Limnogous leptocerus (Reuter, 1882) (lectotype), and Microvelia gracillima Reuter, 1882 (holotype versus neotype).Published online: 31st December 2022
Hovorka Tomáš, Macek JanCatalogue of type specimens of braconid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) deposited in the National Museum, Prague, Czech RepublicActa Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 62(2): 521-546
Abstract: Type specimens from the collection of Hymenoptera deposited in the Department of Entomology, National Museum, Prague are currently being catalogued. In this part of the catalogue dealing with the family Braconidae, we present precise information about 27 taxa belonging to the subfamilies Brachistinae (1 species), Cheloninae (1 species), Doryctinae (1 species), Euphorinae (2 species), Gnamptodontinae (1 species), Lysiterminae (1 species), Microgastrinae (2 species), Opiinae (15 species) and Orgilinae (3 species), including holotypes of 20 species. Current status, distribution, and photos are given for each taxon. Additionally, one missing type and one historically important specimen are mentioned in the catalogue with detailed information about them.Published online: 31st December 2022